What You Need To Know

Turin is the capital city of Piedmont in northern Italy, known for its refined architecture and cuisine. The Alps rise to the northwest of the city. Stately baroque buildings and old cafes line Turin’s boulevards and grand squares like Piazza Castello and Piazza San Carlo. Nearby is the soaring spire of the Mole Antonelliana, a 19th-century tower housing the interactive National Cinema Museum.

Turin derives its name from a Celtic word tau, meaning mountain. Torino was founded almost 2400 years ago by a Celtic tribe, the Taurini. The Taurini conquered much of France and part of Spain before heading into what is known today as Italy. In Italian “torino” means “little bull”. The bull is still part of the city standard (flag) to this day.
Population: 870,702 (2012)
Area: 50.26 mi²


The Euro is the official currency of Italy.


  • Winters are moderately cold but dry, summers are mild in the hills and quite hot in the plains. Rain falls mostly during spring and autumn; during the hottest months, otherwise, rains are less frequent but heavier (thunderstorms are frequent). During the winter and autumn months banks of fog, which are sometimes very thick, form in the plains but rarely on the city because of its location at the end of the Susa Valley.
  • The highest temperature ever recorded was 37.1 °C (98.8 °F), while the lowest was −21.8 °C (−7.2 °F).


The type of language spoken in Turin Italy is known locally as Italian , or German in that area as a native language only in the north not in Piemonte where Turin is. In tourists spots they usually speak English, but some young Italians know some English.

Getting around

Public transport:  Gruppo Torinese Trasporti (GTT)  runs an efficient bus, tram and metro network across Turin city centre and the suburbs. Services run from 0500 to 2400. Tickets are available from tobacconists, newsagents and bars, and are valid for 90 minutes. You must punch tickets using on-board validation machines. Day and multi-day passes are also available.
Taxis: Turin’s taxis are white and can be hired from taxi ranks or booked by telephone. Reputable firms include Pronto Taxi (tel: +39 011 5737) and Radio Taxi (tel: +39 011 5730).
Bicycle hire: Turin has a bikeshare scheme, TO Bike (, which is available 24 hours a day and has more than 100 stations throughout the city. The bicycles are a distinctive yellow colour. Subscriptions are available online and the first 30 minutes of every journey is free.

 Useful numbers

  • Carabinieri (Italian police force): 112
  • State Police : 113
  • Fire Brigade : 115
  • Medical Emergency : 118
  • Emergency medical service (night./holiday) 011 5747
  • Road Side Assistance Aci: 116